This August 9, International Day of Indigenous Peoples, we must demand indigenous peoples’ inclusion, participation, and approval in the constitution of a system with social and economic benefits for all.
That is why the 2021 theme is “Leaving no one behind: Indigenous peoples and the call for a new social contract.” But, what does it mean?
A social contract is an unwritten agreement that societies make to cooperate for social and economic benefits. In many countries, where indigenous peoples were driven from their lands, their cultures and languages denigrated and their people marginalized from political and economic activities, they were never included in the social contract, to begin with. The social contract was made among the dominant populations.
Over recent years and decades, various societies have sought to address this, including through apologies, truth and reconciliation efforts, legislative reforms, as well as constitutional reforms, while at the international level, these efforts have included the adoption of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and advisory bodies such as the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues.
Despite the existence of international instruments to respond to these inequalities, not all are embarked on the collective journey to ensure that no one is left behind, including indigenous peoples. Therefore, the building and redesigning of a new social contract as an expression of cooperation for social interest and common good for humanity and nature is needed.
The new social contract must be based on genuine participation and partnership that fosters equal opportunities and respects the rights, dignity, and freedoms of all. Indigenous peoples’ right to participate in decision-making is a key component in achieving reconciliation between indigenous peoples and States.
International Day of World’s Indigenous People Day is celebrated on August 9 every year. The day is celebrated to spread awareness about the indigenous population around the world and to also protect their rights. The indigenous population across the world stays in close contact with nature. The places they reside in are home to around 80% of the world’s biodiversity. The day also recognizes the contributions made by them to protect the world’s environment.
Samagra Vikas also celebrated world,s indigenous people Day in the organization. Samagra Vikas organized google-meet and celebrated the world’s Indigenous day. The elite resource persons were invited to speak on the topic of the indigenous day.